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Ukraina: Europos ateitis ne kuolo

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UkrainaNepažeidžiant būsimos politinio sprendimo dėl galimo pasirašymo, Komisija šiandien priėmė pasiūlymus dėl Tarybos sprendimų dėl protokolo pasirašymo ir laikino taikymo, taip pat dėl ​​ES ir Ukrainos asociacijos susitarimą, kuris bus perduotas Tarybai tolesniam perdirbimui. Komisija kartu du pasiūlymus su politiniu pareiškimu.

With today’s decision, the EU is taking a necessary preparatory step in order to be technically ready for the possible signing of the Association Agreement (including its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area – DCFTA) at the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius in six months from now. The EU has underlined that it will only sign if Ukraine creates the necessary political circumstances.

Today’s adoption of the two proposals for Council Decision technically enables the EU to move ahead with the required preparatory arrangements without pre-empting any decision: the signing of the Agreement remains conditional on determined action and tangible progress by Ukrainian authorities on the benchmarks set out by the Council conclusions of 10 December 2012 and to be assessed by the Member States before the Vilnius Summit later this year (follow-up actions from the October 2012 parliamentary elections; addressing the cases of selective justice and preventing any recurrence and moving ahead with the jointly-agreed reform agenda).
Prieš leisdamas parašą, valstybėms narėms turi būti suteikta pakankamai laiko savo vidaus procedūras, įskaitant konsultacijas nacionalinių parlamentų. Atsižvelgiama į ilgį ir sudėtingumą Susitarimo, šis procesas užtruks mažiausiai šešis mėnesius.

The Agreement is the first of a new generation of Association Agreements between the European Union and the Eastern Partnership countries. It aims at deepening political and economic relations between Ukraine and the EU, as well as at improving Ukraine’s access to the EU Internal Market, including through a DCFTA, thus providing better conditions for economic cooperation between the EU and Ukraine.

Derybos asociacijos susitarimo buvo baigtos 2011 ir 30 kovo 2012, Aukštieji derybininkai Europos Sąjungos ir Ukrainos parafavo ES ir Ukrainos asociacijos susitarimo tekstą.

On 10 December 2012, the Foreign Affairs Council adopted Conclusions on Ukraine, expressing the EU’s commitment to the signing of the Association Agreement, including the DCFTA, as soon as the Ukrainian authorities demonstrate determined action and tangible progress in the three areas (elections, selective justice, and overall reforms as set out in the Association Agenda), possibly by the time of the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius in November 2013. It also stressed the necessity for Ukraine to improve its business climate. The Council also indicated that the signature of the Agreement could be accompanied by opening for provisional application of parts of the Agreement.

Kaip reikalaujama pagal 10 gruodis 2012 Tarybos išvadas, vyriausiasis įgaliotinis ir Komisija stebėti ir palaikyti Tarybą informuoti apie pasiektą Ukrainos tenkinant nustatytus Tarybos išvadose reikalavimus, be kita ko, iš birželio 2013 preparatų kontekste pažangos ES ir Ukrainos bendradarbiavimo taryba ir lapkričio 2013 Rytų partnerystės viršūnių susitikimas Vilniuje.

Reklama

Derybos dėl šio išsamaus ir plataus užmojo susitarimą tarp ES ir Ukrainos buvo pradėta kovo 2007. Vasario 2008 po įstojimo Ukrainos sprendimą į PPO, ES ir Ukraina pradėjo derybas dėl DCFTA, kaip pagrindinis Asociacijos susitarimo.

The Association Agreement aims to accelerate the deepening of political and economic relations between Ukraine and the EU, as well as Ukraine’s gradual access to the EU Internal Market including by setting up the DCFTA. It is a concrete way to exploit the dynamics in EU-Ukraine relations, focusing on support to core reforms, on economic recovery and growth, governance and sector co-operation. The Agreement also constitutes a reform agenda for Ukraine, based on a comprehensive programme of approximation of Ukraine’s legislation to many EU norms, around which all partners of Ukraine can align themselves and focus their assistance. EU assistance to Ukraine is linked with the reform agenda as it emerges from the Agreement. The Comprehensive Institutional Building Programme is particularly important in this regard.

 

Ana van Densky

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