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Užbaigti Europos teisingumo erdvė: Papasakokite Komisijai kas bus toliau

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Ranka tranko žvangą į skambantį blokąŽvilgsnis į krištolo rutulį: kaip atrodys ES teisingumo politika 2020 m. Tai yra visos Europos diskusijos, kurią šiandien (spalio 7 d.) Pradėjo Europos Komisija, tema. Pradinis diskusijos taškas yra penki diskusijų dokumentai presented by the Commission covering European civil, criminal and administrative law, as well as the rule of law and fundamental rights in the EU. These papers launch a debate on possible actions in EU justice policy in the years to come aimed at strengthening the foundations on which the European Union is built and completing the European area of justice in the interest of Europe’s citizens and businesses. Among the ideas tabled are further steps to boost mutual trust in civil justice, reinforced procedural rights concerning the service of documents, as well as further use of optional European substantive law regimes and a new mechanism to facilitate the resolution of any future rule of law crisis in member states.

Everyone interested can participate in the debate and help shape future justice policies. The Commission has launched a call for input which will be open until the end of 2013 with the possibility to send preliminary input by 11 November. The Commission’s papers and the preliminary input will then be discussed at a European forum on the Future of EU Justice Policy on 21 – 22 November in Brussels (see programme in the Annex). Distinguished speakers include national ministers, members of the European Parliament, judges from the European Court of Justice and from national Supreme Courts, academics and leading representatives of the legal profession. The event is also open for journalists, who can register by sending an email to [apsaugotas el. paštu].

“We have come a long way in developing a European area of Justice, in just a short space of time. Indeed, justice policy has emerged into the limelight as a field of high activity at European level – comparable to the internal market in the 1990s. But there is more work to be done,” said Vice-President Viviane Reding, the EU’s Justice Commissioner. “We have to construct a European area of Justice which is complete and solid. Citizens and businesses will only reap the full rewards of our internal market if they are confident that their rights are protected everywhere. This is about mutual trust in each other’s justice systems. We need to keep building that trust.”

The input gathered will help the Commission set out the EU’s justice policy after the Stokholmo programa. Kaip savo pranešime paskelbė prezidentas Barroso laiškas 11 m. rugsėjo 2013 d. Europos Parlamento pirmininkui Martinui Schulzui Europos Komisija 2014 m. pavasarį pateiks komunikatą dėl būsimų iniciatyvų teisingumo ir vidaus reikalų politikos srityje, kuris bus aptartas 2014 m. birželio mėn. Europos Vadovų Taryboje; todėl indėlis prisidės prie to komunikato teisingumo dalies.

Penkiuose šiandien išleistuose Komisijos dokumentuose išdėstytos jos idėjos šiose srityse:

  1. Civilinė teisė

The EU has been building bridges between national civil law systems, ensuring that judgements from one court are automatically recognised in another member state, protecting businesses in cross-border insolvency cases, and helping to determine who has jurisdiction in cross border divorces, successions and marriages. The Commission’s paper highlights further areas where action may be needed to allow citizens, consumers and businesses to fully benefit from the European area of justice, when they move with their family to another Member State or wish to fully exploit the Single Market. Actions envisaged include enhanced rules for the service of documents, improving the enforcement of judgments, and growth-enhancing measures to tackle discrepancies between national insolvency laws or to keep pace with market and technological developments such as contractual issues related to cloud computing.

  1. Baudžiamoji teisė

Citizens expect their lives, fundamental rights and safety to be protected across the EU. With the Lisbon Treaty in force, the Union has been able to take new steps in the field of criminal law, such as harmonising definitions of serious crimes, introducing common standards to protect persons suspected or accused of a crime and guaranteeing EU-wide standards to protect victims of crimes, as well as proposing a new Union-level prosecution system to protect the EU budget from fraud. The Commission’s paper explores how the novelties of the Lisbon Treaty can be further used, for instance by consolidating and standardising certain tools such as freezing and confiscation orders.

Reklama
  1. Administracinė teisė

The EU relies to a significant extent on national administrations to effectively administer EU law and thereby to ensure its proper implementation. This makes it important for citizens and businesses that this part of the EU architecture also works well. The Commission’s paper explores further possibilities such as strengthening administrative procedural rights and enhancing co-operation between administrative authorities.

  1. Įstatymo taisyklė

Experience has shown that it would be helpful to strengthen the EU’s capacity to handle rule of law crises. This would usefully entail a dedicated rule of law mechanism for the EU (see KALBA / 13 / 677). The Commission’s paper seeks to encourage feedback as to how such a mechanism could be designed.

  1. pagrindinės teisės

The EU has already come a long way in developing a fundamental rights culture: The EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights is the Union’s compass, guiding every proposal. The paper contains ideas on how to reinforce compliance with the Charter both in the activities of the Union institutions and those of the Member States when they implement EU law.

fonas

EU justice policy has undergone profound change in the past few years. It was only in 2010, with the start of the mandate of the current European Commission, that a justice portfolio was created. Since then, the Commission has brought forward more than 50 initiatives in this area, laying the building blocks of a true European area of Freedom, Justice and Security at the service of Europe’s citizens – one of the EU’s key objectives as stated in the Treaty of Lisbon.

Vos per kelerius metus buvo žengti svarbiausi žingsniai: naujos ES teisės nusikaltimų aukoms (IP / 12 / 1200) ir palengvinti teismo sprendimų pripažinimą (IP / 12 / 1321) suteikė geresnes galimybes kreiptis į teismą, o Komisijos pasiūlymai dėl asmens duomenų apsaugos turėtų paremti pagrindines teises ir skaitmeninę bendrąją rinką (MEMO / 13 / 39). Be to, tokios iniciatyvos kaip ES teisingumo rezultatų suvestinė (IP / 13 / 285) pabrėžė, kaip veiksmingos teisingumo sistemos ir politika yra nepaprastai svarbios ekonomikos augimui.

Now, the aim is to take stock of the progress made and identify the key challenges ahead. To this end, the Commission is organising the ‘Assises de la Justice’ forum on 21-22 November. This is a two-day conference that will bring together judges, lawyers, scholars, policy makers and business representatives from across Europe.

Siekdama surengti plačias diskusijas apie teisingumo vaidmenį Europos Sąjungoje, Komisija ragina visas suinteresuotas šalis pateikti idėjų, kaip patenkinti piliečių ir įmonių lūkesčius ir sukurti tikrą Europos teisingumo erdvę. Siųskite preliminarius įnašus į [apsaugotas el. paštu] iki lapkričio 11 d. ir įsitraukite į diskusijas socialiniuose tinkluose naudodamiesi grotažyme #EU teisingumas.

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